Australian Antarctic expeditions New map and poster commemorates the Australasian Antarctic Expedition Chris Carson www.ga.gov.au/ausgeonews | This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE, 1911–1914) which was organised and led by the eminent geologist Dr (later Sir) Douglas Mawson. Selon Edmund Hillary, ce dernier voyage est le plus impressionnant des voyages en solitaire en Antarctique[5]. Mawson was fixated with Antarctica and the discoveries that could be made there, so began organising an Australian venture. The expedition … 1911–1914 Mawson recruited a team of scientists from Australia and New Zealand for the expedition. Un groupe de dix-huit hommes[4] monta la base principale sur place, la Mawson's Huts, sans se douter que le blizzard rend particulièrement la vie difficile dans cette zone. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 7 décembre 2020 à 19:04. The home of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911 to 1914. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. 1912. … Preparation. In 1929–1931 further extensive claims to sovereignty were made by the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) again led by Douglas Mawson. Il est toujours considéré comme le meilleur de l'histoire du Canada. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast due south of Australia.Mawson had been inspired to lead his own venture by his experiences on Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod expedition in 1907–1909. L'explorateur, six chiens et le traîneau contenant la plupart de la nourriture fut perdu. L'Aurora transporte un engin de communications sans fil de la compagnie Marconi et un autre est installé au cape Denison, mais en raison de la nature compétitive de l'exploration de l'Antarctique, les transmissions sont volontairement limitées. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast due south of Australia. In 1911, the men sailed for Antarctica on board the SY Aurora. Field photographs, 1911-1914. Âge héroïque de l'exploration en Antarctique, Australian Association for the Advancement of Science, Liste des membres de l'expédition antarctique australasienne, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Expédition_antarctique_australasienne&oldid=177387988, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Promotion avec 3 AdQ, 5 BA et 9 non labellisés. 17 of 34. L'expédition apporte avec elle un avion monoplace qui est le premier fabriqué par la firme Vickers[6]. Known to be one of the windiest regions in the world, Cape Denison and the iconic Mawson’s Huts are located on the Antarctic coast, about 4000km south of mainland Australia. Mawson and cohorts set out to explore Antarctica with the intention of gathering specimens and to make scientific observations of the continent. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Mawson was fixated with Antarctica and the discoveries that could be made there, so began organising an Australian venture. (steam yacht) Aurora More about the Aurora Pack ice first sighted on 31st Dec 1911 The Aurora seen from within a cavern of the Mertz Glacier Tongue, Commonwealth Bay, Adelie Land Bickerton overlooking ice forming in Commonwealth Bay Mawson main base 1911 Inside living quarters Inside living … Huskies pulling sledge. State Library of New South Wales. Une expédition australienne de la Mawson's Huts Foundation partit sur les traces de Mawson en 2009 et 2010, a retrouvé la carcasse de l'avion grâce à des appareils à résonance magnétique nucléaire et à un coup de chance[6]. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 3,200-kilometre-long (2,000 mi) coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. By Sir Douglas Mawson Les survivants, Mawson et Mertz ont commencé un voyage de retour, au cours duquel ils mangeaient les autres chiens pour se nourrir. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. E. crist?,tus). Mawson exposa ses plans lors d'un voyage en Europe en février 1910[2]. Plusieurs autres navires brise-glace sont déroutés pour l'aider[7]. Une autre petite base fut établie sur l'île Macquarie. The true Vktoria pen~uin,.wlll~hit resemlJ-Ies, occurs on the coasts of southern New Zealand, Stewart Island! Hunter at 65 miles south. So Mawson promulgated his own Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library: referencedIn: Hodgeman, A. J. L' expédition antarctique australasienne était une expédition de 1911-1914 dirigée par Douglas Mawson qui a exploré la côte antarctique largement inexplorée au sud de l' Australie. Named by Australasian Antarctic Expedition after the Commonwealth of Australia. A mushroom ice formation. First Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914) In 1911 a group of scientists and adventurers left Hobart under the leadership of Dr Douglas Mawson. Gaumont released a second Australian version of the AAE official film, with additional footage, in 1913. We pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging. To…, British, Australian, New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions 1929–31, Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition, Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–14, Environmental Impact Assessment approvals, Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System, Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, What happens before departure & on arrival at station, Message for family and friends of expeditioners, Classification of scientific publications, Antarctic Strategy and Action Plan: Prime Minister’s Foreword, British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), Home of the Blizzard: the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Blizzard, the pup in Antarctica . 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition leaves Hobart on 2nd December 1911 aboard the S.Y. Home About Antarctica History Exploration and expeditions Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–14 The Home of the Blizzard book Appendix VII. One of its major sponsors was the Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union. Les hommes choisis par Mawson furent essentiellement sélectionnés dans des universités australiennes et néo-zélandaises[2]. (previous page) (The icy face of a member of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition team, 1911-1914) (6173954630).jpg 811 × 1,024; 151 KB. Discover (and save!) The Australasian Antarctic Expedition, under the leadership of Douglas Mawson, left Hobart, … L'équipement utilisé est un émetteur à étincelles Telefunken de 1,5 kW et une antenne en T. Les conditions atmosphériques associées à l'aurore polaire interférent à maintes reprises avec les transmissions radio, mais les équipes de l'expédition peuvent généralement recevoir des nouvelles du monde extérieur raisonnablement régulièrement via la station relais de l'île Macquarie. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-13 – in pictures. L'expédition antarctique australasienne (en anglais : Australasian Antarctic Expedition), dit expédition Aurora ou expédition Mawson[1], est une expédition australasienne — principalement australienne — en Antarctique. Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition successfully established bases at Commonwealth Bay and the Shackleton Ice Shelf. The expedition explored extensively along the coast near the bases and claimed this land as British territory. I think it may be called the finest thing in Australasian history. Scott avait été impressionné de sa participation à l'expédition Nimrod d'Ernest Shackleton mais Scott ne pouvait inclure les objectifs de l'Australien dans les siens[2]. With regard to the clothing, the main bulk was of woollen material as supplied by Jaeger of London. Being the story of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition L'expédition antarctique australasienne (en anglais : Australasian Antarctic Expedition), dit expédition Aurora ou expédition Mawson , est une expédition australasienne — principalement australienne — en Antarctique. Media in category "Australasian Antarctic Expedition" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 201 total. Full interactive and multimedia coverage as the Guardian joins the 2013-2014 Australasian Antarctic Expedition, which commemorates the centenary of the first AAE led by Sir Douglas Mawson The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. your own Pins on Pinterest It is hard to imagine today just what a leap into the unknown Mawson was taking, and the huge store of scientific knowledge that was derived from that expedition continues to impress greatly. Edward FR Bage (Australia) — Astronomer, Assistant…, Able seaman Bert Lincoln and fireman Stanley Taylor sailed with Davis on the November 1912 to March 1913 voyage, tasked with…, The Home of the Blizzard Expédition antarctique australasienne - Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Wreck of the ‘Gratitude', Macquarie Island, 1911. Unlike other Antarctic explorers, he was not aiming for the South Pole; he was most interested in the part of Antarctica lying directly below Australia, in what he called the Australian quadrant. the Chathams, and the Snares, but not,on Macq~arie. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 2000-mile long coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. Hunter traveling through unexplored land on their sledges. The planning, financing and crewing of this expedition can be read in detail at the Australian Antarctic Division’s Home of the Blizzard website which has been established to honour the centenary of the Australasian Antarctic expedition (AAE). Wikipedia List … L'appareil, encore visible en 1975[6], était pris dans les glaces et la marée basse du jour de l'an, a permis de découvrir partiellement l'avion[6]. Appendix VII: Equipment. L'appareil avait donc été abandonné au cap Denison[6]. Ce deuxième groupe de huit hommes dirigé par Frank Wild cartographiera 250 miles de côtes, découvrant notamment un lieu de reproduction de manchots à l'instar du cap Crozier près de l'île Haswell[4]. Young Australian geologist Douglas Mawson had been part of Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition in 1907. Des chercheurs ont envisagé, bien plus tard, un surdosage toxique en vitamine A provenant du foie des huskies. They were bound for Macquarie Island and the then unknown parts of Antarctica. L'avion équipé de skis est toutefois emmené, sans ailes, afin de tracter grâce à son moteur de lourdes charges[6]. We acknowledge the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognise their continuing connection to land, waters and culture. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 3,200-kilometre-long (2,000 mi) coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. wind at base camp to hack out ice for cooking. Bob Bage and J. Elle fut nommée par l'expédition d'après le Commonwealth d'Australie. State Library of New South Wales. A research expedition, it was led by Australian geologist Sir Douglas Mawson. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast … At 4pm the cry of ‘ice on the starboard bow!’ was raised. Prévoyant d'effectuer le premier vol au-dessus de l'Antarctique[6], l'avion est malheureusement abîmé avant son arrivée sur le continent lors d'un vol d'essai en Australie[6]. Australasian-Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914). 18 of 34. 16 of 34. … The objectives Traductions en contexte de "Australasian" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : Stillwell was educated at Melbourne University and joined the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 … Au cours du siècle suivant, de nombreuses météorites ont été découvertes en Antarctique. Circa 1911-1914. Douglas Mawson (Australia) — Expedition leader Main Antarctic base Néanmoins, le résultat du « tracteur des neiges » est décevant car le moteur souffrait des basses températures[6]. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. While other expeditions had started out from Australia in the 1890s, they had been financed and led from elsewhere. He was in the small party that were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Circa 1911-1914. Comme le commandant de l'expédition, Douglas Mawson, est lui-même géologue, l'examen des formations rocheuses accessibles — non recouvertes de glace — de la terre de Wilkes est un élément clé de l'expédition. Mawson est rentré à la base, malade également, avec quelques échantillons géologiques, mais avec une réserve alimentaire minime pour faire les venteux 160 km jusqu'à la Mawson's Huts. The brainchild of Douglas Mawson, who was inspired by his role in Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod expedition in 1907–1909 to lead an expedition of his own. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition's Frank Bickerton looking out over the sea from Commonwealth Bay. Mawson was a committed scientist and excellent leader, with the foresight to also introduce radio to Antarctica to report weather phenomena. Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition successfully established bases at Commonwealth Bay and the Shackleton Ice Shelf. Après l'entrée dans le pack, après avoir longé la côte proche de la terre Adélie, le navire mouilla au cap Denison[4] dans la baie du Commonwealth. (Alfred James). Hypothermie, quasi-famine et épuisement constituent les raisons les plus probables de la mort de Mertz. Elle fut menée entre 1911 et 1914 par Douglas Mawson dans le cadre de l'exploration et de la cartographie d'une partie quasiment inexplorée de la côte de l'Antarctique située au sud de l'Australie, entre le cap Adare et le mont Gauss . Young Australian geologist Douglas Mawson had been part of Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition in 1907. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre La cabane principale de Cape Denison. Fin 2013 début 2014, le MV Akademik Chokalski réalise une expédition-croisière organisée par le climatologue Chris Turney de l'université de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud sur les traces de l'expédition Aurora[7]. For Aurora, the ship of Douglas Mawson’s Australasian Antarctic Expedition, the weather was dull and foggy on 29 December, 1911, however they were about to have their first icy experience. A member of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition leans into a 100 m.p.h. Mertz devenu délirant à cause du scorbut et finalement mort pendant le retour, laissa Mawson seul survivant. L'expédition est connue pour avoir réalisé la première découverte d'une météorite, une chondrite, à 30 kilomètres à l'ouest du cap Denison. Longitudinal and transverse section plan of the Macquarie island Hut [cartographic material] / A. J. Hodgeman. Putting this extra time to good use, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition finally explored more than 3000 kilometres of Antarctic coastline, collecting valuable scientific data and specimens about the region’s geology, biology, geomagnetism, oceanography and meteorology – and laying down Australia’s claim to part of this great southern wilderness. Most of Mawson’s 1911–12 Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) footage was shot by Frank Hurley and later edited and produced by the Gaumont Company. Photo: Wikicommons. L’Aurora quitta Hobart le 2 décembre 1911[4]. Jan 2, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Briana Ross. Le brise-glace se retrouve bloqué dans les glaces de la baie du Commonwealth une dizaine de jours avec 52 passagers à son bord[7]. Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share via Email; Eschewing the race for the South … L'emplacement choisi par Mawson pour le camp de base principal, au cap Denison, s'est avéré être l'un des endroits sur Terre avec les vents les plus forts et avec une morphologie locale favorisant la génération de conditions de vent catabatique quasi-continu. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Douglas Mawson – the pre-eminent scientific expedition of its time to South Polar regions – happened when Australia was little more than a decade old. The AAE has joined the ranks of those expeditions that are legendary for the sheer tenacity of spirit, physical endurance, loyalty and accomplishment that was achieved under profoundly difficult circumstances. Shags defending nest, Macquarie Island. Mawson choisi de monter sa propre expédition malgré la proposition de Robert Falcon Scott alors en train de préparer l'expédition Terra Nova[3]. Clothing. Des pièces de l'avion seront ramenées en Australie[6], probablement pour être exposées. Parmi les membres de l'expédition se trouvent Mawson, le photographe Frank Hurley, le responsable de la base ouest Frank Wild, le géologue Charles Hoadley, le capitaine du navire Aurora John King Davis, le météorologue Cecil Madigan, Xavier Mertz et Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis. This poster probably dates from Gaumont’s first 1912 release version of the AAE film in Sydney. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 to 1914) was the first Australian-led expedition to Antarctica. He initially envisaged three land parties, but modified this to two: the main party of 18, under Mawson, was based in Adélie Land, and the western party of … ,6 AUSTRALASIAN ANTARCTIC'EXPEDITION., I (syn. He was in the small party that were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Hillary was referring to the 1912 expedition of Australian explorer Douglas Mawson and his fellow members of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE). Au cours d'un parcours en traîneau, le traîneau tiré par Ninnis tomba dans une crevasse. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 The Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 was organised by South Australian scientist Douglas Mawson. C'est encore le début de l'aviation et l'appareil est l'un des premiers à voler dans le monde[6]. Mawson had participated in Shackleton's earlier British Antarctic Expedition, and had been invited to join Scott's ill-fated expedition but chose to organise his own Australian-based one. L'Australian Association for the Advancement of Science, la Royal Geographical Society et les gouvernements des pays du Commonwealth apportèrent une contribution financière à l'expédition et une souscription publique fut organisée[2]. Bob Bage and J. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-14 The Expedition story Having taken part in Shackleton's 1907-09 Nimrod expedition, geologist Douglas Mawson, came up with a plan to launch a purely Australian Expedition to explore that part of Antarctica directly below Australia. F. Bickerton looking out over seas near Commonwealth Bay. Elle fut menée entre 1911 et 1914 par Douglas Mawson dans le cadre de l'exploration et de la cartographie d'une partie quasiment inexplorée de la côte de l'Antarctique située au sud de l'Australie, entre le cap Adare et le mont Gauss[2]. How and why Douglas Mawson organised the first Australasian Antarctic Expedition. State Library of New South Wales. Le navire continua vers l'ouest le long de la côte pour établir une base secondaire la banquise de Shackleton. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition lasted from 1911 to 1914 and explored previously unknown areas of Antarctica. En effet, le blizzard y souffle 285 jours par an[4]. 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