The administrator identifies and articulates a school's mission and goals and makes them happen by implementing programs, delegating tasks and allocating resources. To Ensure Professional Ethics And Professional Development Among Teachers: As teachers are the senior and mature human elements to accelerate the programme in time their role is highly felt in this regard. An institution must have these three characteristics in order to be able to achieve its objectives adequately and to give due regard to all persons concerned in some way or other. Thus on the whole, adaptability is the capacity of an enterprise to change, to develop and to improve. Every society that values social justice and anxious to improve a lot of common man and cultivate all available talents, must ensure progressive equality of educational opportunity to all sections of the population. 3. An article by Diksha Kashyap details the principles of education administration as being (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. Copyright 10. At all levels of the educational ecosystem, management is required; management involves the planning, organising, implementation, review, evaluation, and integration of an institution. And uniformity of rules in educational administration does not provide equality which is necessary to safeguard the individuals in another point. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Privacy Policy 8. An education administrator may begin her career as a teacher. 4. This characteristic of an institution is called adaptability. n. Maintaining records and registers up to date. For this, the following activities and programmes come under the scope of educational administration at the institutional level: a. Report a Violation, Top 8 Functions of Educational Administration, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. (b) Poverty of a large Section of the population and relative affluence of a small minority. THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 3 with leaders who believe in McGregor’s Theory X. Disclaimer 9. Being the first principle of educational administration in the modern era it puts stress on democracy in structural perspective. But it is essential to mention that the functions of educational administration can be studied under two major perspectives. educational administration, (4) concepts. They give a differential treatment to different students, staffs, officials and community members as per their need remaining within the jurisdiction of educational administration. Fully revised and thoroughly updated, this second edition of this classic book brings together many leading international authors on educational leadership, with brand new chapters from leaders in the field Ken Leithwood, Paul Begley, Allan Walker and Alma Harris. For this there is the necessity of different aspects of management which are accepted as the functions of administration. For actualizing it he has to perform his duty as democratically as possible. In order to achieve these purposes or goals, the head of the educational organisation plans carefully various programmes and activities. This property is named as stability. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. 4. While I create an approachable atmosphere with a low power distance, Theory X leadership philosophy centers on a traditional boss who issues orders and prods activities rather than motivating workers (Owens & Valesky, 2015). The administration of an educational institution consists of officers like principals and vice principals. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. educational administration. Those who are good sociable, democratic competent and welfare oriented educational administrators liberty is granted for them. 8. Because it is the practical ground to test the significance of educational administration in practice. In order to ensure quality control in the field of education, educational administration has to make expenditure on education by accepting it as an investment on human resource. To train the students in developing scientific attitude and objective outlook among them towards all aspects and activities of life. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. Theories are s ets of statements understandable to others, which make 9. But in Practice it is not happening as the educational administrators very often arbitrarily exercise discretionary powers and too narrowly apply uniform rules in one point. 3. Because this sort of democracy seeks to make democracy more practical rather than formal. (d) Disparity of educational development between the advanced classes and the backward classes. In this context, the reasons for existence of inequalities of educational opportunities cited by the Education Commission (1964-66) can be highlighted which must be stressed in the field of educational administration. Disclaimer 9. j. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. To ensure qualitative improvement of education: Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction. While … General Principles of School Administration must be democratic must be cooperative in character to be effective … must be scientific must be based on accepted educational philosophy must be creative must evaluate in the light of results must run parallel throughout the system must be preventive and constructive must be centered on child growth & development must be flexible The educational institution however must be able to achieve adaptability without creating any dislocation or disruption in its process and achievements. Educational administration covers the following aspects relating to management in its jurisdiction: 5. He/She evaluates their performance and progress in achieving the purposes of the programme. 1. Brief outlines of the six principles of educational administration are discussed in this article. This result in the emergence of a good and effective social order by the school or educational institution as an agency of education. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education. In order to better … Educational Administration takes place at various levels such as: Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level. For private schools and businesses, the job may be as a director of programs or head master. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. The physical resources mainly contribute building equipment’s and instructional materials. For example a school or an educational institution is regarded as the society in miniature or a small society. The head of the school/college/university organizes these programmes and activities with co-operation from other teachers, parents and students. Liberty is granted to them with not making the system of “check and balance” rigid. 1 Principles of Educational Administration EME 202 University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Open and Distance Learning Course Series Development Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. This meaning of justice is the essence of democracy. TOS 7. 5 Basic Functions of Administration: Planning, Organizing, Directing and Controlling After reading this chapter, you will be conversant with: Planning Organization Direction Control Planning By planning is meant to predetermine … - Selection from Educational Administration and Management [Book] organization and. Every administration has a hierarchy that is often represented as a pyramid. The basic principles of educational management completely impact the administration. of education, (2) the legal basis for education, (3) the use of theory and research in. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. Besides an educational administrator in order to prudential in nature and work must have simplicity, understanding capacity democratic spirit and effective communication ability with him as attributes. Like general administration, educational administration seeks to maintain and improve the relations with the community. The term “Administration” doesn’t refer to any single process or act. The heads of departments in organizations … e. Organizing curricular and co-curricular programmes. Prohibited Content 3. Besides, every individual is to be given task or assignment in accordance with his needs, requirements, abilities, aptitudes etc. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. 1. It is evident from several studies that now in educational administration there lies a lot of wasteful expenditure for which the system of check and balance is essential. Most schools offer a M.Ed. of. This nature of the educational administrator goes against the very essence of justice as it is to be free from such bias nature of them. 3- principle of scientific method. The human resources include pupils, teachers, supervisors, administrators and parents. This will be done if educational administration accepts it as its principle in real situation. To this, the essence of democracy is to give importance on the dignity of every individual and assisting him to understand his self in this context this principle considers democracy as a matter of spirit, way of life and a mode of behaviour. In this regard and educational administrator will be a fittest one who can manage autocracy as and when necessary to achieve the goals of an educational programme. To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship. Image Guidelines 5. The additional elements comprise the various aspects of educational theory and practice including philosophy of education, objectives of education, curriculum, method of teaching, discipline, role of the teacher, rules and regulations etc. c. Preparing the time table and the time schedules for various activities. principles. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. Overall speaking this type of democracy as a principle of educational administration gives importance on practicability and relevance of day to day happenings of democracy in relation to educational perspective so far its administrative aspect is concerned. TOS 7. in educational leadership or administration. Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration. Generally speaking justice refers to provide every individual his due in the society by honoring his individuality. Educational administration doesn’t refer to any single process rather different processes or aspects constitute administration. Educational administration is a complex affair. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Functions of Educational Administration Planning, organization, direction, motivation, control, co-ordination, decision making and the last one is reporting. The Master of Education in Educational Management degree program is rare. 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